Monday, October 16, 2017

1483, Tartars

          This year, the Russian cities were looted one after another,
and this began last year, in 1482, when the Tartar hordes,
                 [destroyed Kiev, of champagne I would say the frother...

I wondered who those Tartars were,
                                                      [I had no idea, and then,
I thought there must be others that do not know,
     [so I decided to write a verse about what I had read about them.

Tartars were a variety of Turco-Mongol semi-nomadic empires,       
          [where the name along would cause terror in the hearts and minds as well, 
because they knew if the Tartars did not kill them,
                                            [they would lead them to the slave banks for the sell. 

They controlled the region known as Tartary,
                                  [the vast region from Mongolia, and Manchuria,
up to Pontic-Caspian steppe,
                                   [Volga-Urals, Caucasus, Turkestan and Siberia.

The Mongol Empire, established under Genghis Khan in 1206,
allied with the Tartars who were intermingled with them,
                              [and participated in all battles and conflicts.


Texts and Narration: Odysseus Heavilayias - ROTTERDAM //
Language adjustments and text adaptation: Kellene G Safis - CHICAGO//
Digital adaptation and text editing: Cathy Rapakoulia Mataraga - PIRAEUS//

*Kiev became a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania after the Battle at Blue Waters in 1362, when Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, beat a Golden Horde army. During the period between 1362 and 1471, Kiev was ruled by Lithuanian princes from different families. By order of Casimir Jagiellon, the Principality of Kiev was abolished and the Kiev Voivodship was established in 1471. Lithuanian statesman Martynas Goštautas was appointed as the first voivode of Kiev the same year; his appointment was met by hostility from locals.
The city was frequently attacked by Crimean Tatars and in 1482 was destroyed again by Crimean Khan Meñli I Giray.

*Golden Horde :   In the early 15th century the Golden Horde weakened and then disintegrated, and independent khanates, such as the Crimean Khanate, the Kazan Khanate, and the Astrakhan Khanate, emerged on its peripheries. The Great Horde (the nucleus of the former Golden Horde) proved to be the most detrimental to Ukraine: it repeatedly invaded the Kyiv region, Podilia, Volhynia, and even Galicia, in 1444, 1447, 1450, and 1457. In 1482 it sacked Kyiv. The eventual fall of the Great Horde came after the death of its last leader, Khan Shah-Ahmet, in 1505.

Drawing of Mongols of the Golden Horde outside Vladimir
presumably demanding submission, before sacking the city

Map of Tartaria (1705)

 ELEGHOS... at history 

Monday, October 9, 2017

1482 Descendants

Born in Córdoba on June 29, 1482, Maria of Aragon,
              [was the daughter of King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella.
Certainly grew in wealth and opulence,
                 [she was not poor like the Little Match Girl or Cinderella.

The big event of the year 1482,
              [and again 500 years later in the year 2017
surprised Ferdinand and Isabella,
                                          [this historical royal twin,
see from heaven, the two, over the centuries,
             [married kingdoms were on the verge of divorce,
and if divorce is achieved,
                          [it will make Spain a much weaker force. 

The people of Spain are the descendants of Celts
        [in the interior and the Northwest and Iberians from northeast to southeast,
mixed with Germanic tribes Visigoths, Suebi, Vandals, Alans,              
                                                        [and the quarrel between them never ceases.

Officially they are all Spaniards, and so "Spaniards vs Spaniards",
                                                                 [could be the title of a book,
which will analyze the Catalan referendum,
                 [that all of Spain as if by an earthquake shakes and shook. 

If Avery Corman, the author of the novel "Kramer vs. Kramer,
                                                               [could read this rhyming story,
it would very likely win five Academy Awards,
         [and would remind the Spaniards, Isabella, Ferdinand and the old glory.

Hispania was the name used for the Iberian Peninsula under Roman rule.

Note that the Greeks are responsible for the name Iberia
                                                                [as their presence there was dual,
one known as Hemeroskospeion and the other as Emporia,
                                                             [two very ancient towns,
that over many many centuries have suffered great crackdowns...


Texts and Narration: Odysseus Heavilayias - ROTTERDAM //
Language adjustments and text adaptation: Kellene G Safis - CHICAGO//
Digital adaptation and text editing: Cathy Rapakoulia Mataraga - PIRAEUS//

(Ancient Greek: Ἡμεροσκοπεῖον) was an ancient Greek city.
Its location is unknown but it has been suggested by some scholars (and rejected by others) that it existed on what is now the city of Dénia, the judicial seat of the
comarca of Marina Alta in the province of Alicante, which is a division of the Valencian Community, Spain. Its name means watchtower in Greek and it reflects the first use of the lofty promontory as such. According to Strabo it was a small city and was founded by the Massaliot Greeks together with another two neighbouring and equally small cities, the names of which have not survived. The city was later conquered by the Romans and it was named Dianium, whence the modern name. This town was situated on the cape then called Artemisium (Ancient Greek: Ἀρτεμίσιον) or Dianium (Ancient Greek: Διάνιον), named from a temple of Ephesia Artemis built upon it (goddess Artemis was called Diana in Latin). Apart from its strategic location the city was equally important for the iron mines that existed nearby.

*Emporia, Ampurias, also known as Empúries (Greek: Ἐμπόριον, Catalan: Empúries [əmˈpuɾiəs], Spanish: Ampurias [amˈpuɾjas]), was a town on the Mediterranean coast of the Catalan comarca of Alt Empordà in Catalonia, Spain. It was founded in 575 BC by Greek colonists from Phocaea with the name of Ἐμπόριον (Emporion, meaning "trading place", cf. emporion). It was later occupied by the Romans (Latin: Emporiæ), but in the Early Middle Ages, when its exposed coastal position left it open to marauders, the town was abandoned.
*Kramer vs. Kramer     Kramer is a 1979 American drama based on Avery Corman's novel and directed by Robert Benton. It tells the story of a couple's divorce and its impact on everyone involved, including the couple's young son.
The film was nominated for nine Academy Awards, winning five (Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Actor and Best Supporting Actress).

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