Monday, April 16, 2018

1504 ...had no equal into the world, but only the proudly sun”

This year died Stephen III,
                                      [known as Stephen the Great,
Romanian voivode (or prince) of Moldavia,
                             [second of July,1504, was the date.

With the support of his cousin* Vlad III Dracula,                            *Voivode of Wallachia,
                              [he gained strength in Moldavia and then,
heroically fought the Ottomans throughout his reign,
                                    [with many victories again and again.

Despite all this his state, as the entire Southeast Europe, a tribute to Turks
                   [or to the Algerian pirates under the rule of Turks they had paid.
(Note that the year 1793 even the United States did it,
                                 [this was remarkable, for today's superpower, all obeyed). 

Stephen's long rule represented a period of stability in Moldavia,
            [and foreigners remember him as a winner who never said I surrender.

He was awarded the title "Athleta Christi" by Pope Sixtus IV,
                     [who referred to him as "of the Christian faith, the true defender".

Being a big protector of the Church, they decided in 1992
                                        [to proclaim his sainthood, it is celebrated on the 2nd of July.

”Stefan Vodă , has no equal into the world
    [but only the proudly sun”, people composed a ballad and it's understandable why.


* ''IT COULD BE OTHERWISE in verse''
Texts and Narration: Odysseus Heavilayias - ROTTERDAM //
Language adjustments and text adaptation: Kellene G Safis -CHICAGO//
Digital adaptation and text editing: Cathy Rapakoulia Mataraga - PIRAEUS

In 1783 the first US navy boat started to sail in international waters and within two years was captured by the Ottoman navy near Algeria. In 1793 12 more US navy boats were captured. In March 1794 the US Congress authorized President Washington to spend up to 700 000 gold coins to build strong steel boats that would resist the Uthmani navy. Just a year later the US signed the Barbary Treaty to resolve the Ottoman threat.
Barbary, was the term for the North African wilaya's of Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, under the rule of the Ottomans.
The terms of the treaty were:
The treaty will cost the US a one off payment of $992,463
The American ships captured would be returned and the American Navy was to be given permission to sail in the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
In return, the American government would pay $642 000 in equivalent gold.
The US would also pay an annual tax (tribute) of $12 000 in gold. The annual tribute would be calculated according to the Islamic calendar and not the Christian calendar
$585,000 would be paid for the ransom of the captured American sailors
A state of the art steel ship would be constructed and delivered to the Uthmani's, built in the US with all costs borne by the US in return for privileges. (The costs of masts, Yards, and heavy planks, were very costly and so difficult to procure, and then so exceedingly expensive to transport. Once delivered the US had actually paid thirty times their estimated price in the stipulations).
The treaty was written in Turkish and signed by President Washington, This is the only American legal document to ever have been concluded in a foreign language and the only treaty the Americans have ever signed that agrees to pay annual tax to another nation. This treaty continued until the Khilafah was abolished.

 ELEGHOS... at history 

Monday, April 9, 2018

1503, Leaders, from mercenaries and condottieri to nobles and kings

The Italian Wars, often referred to as the Renaissance Wars,
                                                         [were a series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559
that involved, the Holy Roman Empire, the Papal States, Venice, France,
    [Spain, England, Scotland Ottoman Empire, thousands condemned to the line.

The armies of the these wars were commanded by a wide variety of leaders,
                                           [from mercenaries and condottieri to nobles and kings,
and Heavy cavalry—the final evolution of the fully armored medieval knight—
                                                            [remained a major player on the battlefields.

The main event of the year 1503 was a battle that was fought
             [between Spanish and French armies and the result was a Spanish victory.
It was part of the Second Italian War and was fought at the town of Ruvo
                                                                [in the Province of Bari, modern-day Italy.

Spanish army fought under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba
       [and the French under Jacques de la Palice (Marshal under Francis the First.

In this battle, only 600 warriors died, [but thousands in this war,
                                       [a madness repeated, endless, cursed, on earth the worst.


* ''IT COULD BE OTHERWISE in verse''
Texts and Narration: Odysseus Heavilayias - ROTTERDAM //
Language adjustments and text adaptation: Kellene G Safis -CHICAGO//
Digital adaptation and text editing: Cathy Rapakoulia Mataraga - PIRAEUS

*Italian Wars    Following the Wars in Lombardy between Venice and Milan, which ended in 1454, Northern Italy had been largely at peace during the reigns of Cosimo de' Medici and Lorenzo de' Medici in Florence, with the notable exception of the War of Ferrara in 1482–1484.
Charles VIII of France improved relations with other European rulers in the run up to the First Italian War by negotiating a series of treaties: in 1493, France negotiated the Treaty of Senlis with the Holy Roman Empire.

 ELEGHOS... at history