Tuesday, May 22, 2018

1507, The Map that Named America




      The first document on which the name "America" appears
is Martin Waldseemüller's world map,
                  [a form which made five centuries ago.... Yes 511 years !!

The only surviving copy of this map is now on display,
                                    [in Thomas Jefferson Building in Washington, D.C.

In northeast France, this document was written and titled
          [cosmographia secunda Ptholemei traditionem et Americi Vespucci.

This Map was based on the second century A.D. work
                                              [of Claudius Ptolemy, the Greek geographer,
and also mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and poet,
                      [a genius, according to his biography (unknown biographer)


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* ''IT COULD BE OTHERWISE in verse''
Texts and Narration: Odysseus Heavilayias - ROTTERDAM //
Language adjustments and text adaptation: Kellene G Safis -CHICAGO//
Digital adaptation and text editing: Cathy Rapakoulia Mataraga - PIRAEUS
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Notes :



The only copy of the Charter today is held by the Library of Congress. The Library bought it in 2003, for $ 10 million, from Johannes zu Waldburg-Wolfegg's German library, which was discovered in 1901 by Joseph Fischer, the Jesuit historian. In 2007, in order to expose the map to the public, a cage with special glass as one side, measuring 1.85 x 2.95 meters, airtight sealed and its interior filled with argon, was manufactured from a single aluminum foil in order to minimize damage from contact with the atmosphere.The Waldzeillerle Map is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.


It is the first map to depict a separate and full Western Hemisphere and the first map to represent the Pacific Ocean as a separate body of water. The purchase of the map concluded a nearly century-long effort to secure for the Library of Congress that very special cartographic document which revealed new European thinking about the world nearly 500 years ago. 

"Universalis cosmographia secunda Ptholemei traditionem et Americi Vespucci aliorum que lustrationes"

Ptolemy's World Map




 
















 ELEGHOS... at history 

Sunday, April 29, 2018

1506 ....we are all a bit Lithuanians



The Battle of Kletsk was a battle fought
                                   [on the fifth of August of the year one thousand five hundred and six,
between the army of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania,
   [and the army of the Crimean Khanate, which was a result of many disputes and conflicts.

Many of us knew that this battle took place, but we do not know enough
                                                     [such as who the Lithuanians were and the Tatars.

The Mongol-Tatars, descendants of Genghis Khan,
                 [are well known as the best warriors, and of course this certainly flatters
their ability to conquer great soils to become the vast region known as Tartary
                                                                       [had assuredly made great advances.

Regarding the Lithuanians, the surprise is that we are all a bit Lithuanians
                                                                           [and I am telling you the chances.

According to Indo-European theory, five thousand years ago,
   [from the steppes of Central Asia, they settled in Lithuania a huge number of nomads
and later due to overcrowding they migrated all over Europe
           [north, east, west and way south, even to the islands of Cyprus and the Cyclades.


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* ''IT COULD BE OTHERWISE in verse''
Texts and Narration: Odysseus Heavilayias - ROTTERDAM //
Language adjustments and text adaptation: Kellene G Safis -CHICAGO//
Digital adaptation and text editing: Cathy Rapakoulia Mataraga - PIRAEUS
______________________________________________________________




The Battle of Kletsk (Belarusian: Бітва пад Клецкам, Lithuanian: Klecko mūšis) was a battle fought on 5 August 1506 near Kletsk (now in Belarus), between the army of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, led by Court Marshal of Lithuania Michael Glinski, and the army of the Crimean Khanate, led by Fetih I Giray and Burnaş I Giray, sons of the Khan of Crimea, Meñli I Giray. The battle was one of the first and greatest Lithuanian victories over the Tatars.


 ELEGHOS... at history